Most aleocharine larvae are bland – elongate cream colored squishy things, maybe a pair of stemma, maybe a somewhat prominent pair of articulating urogomphi. Overall, the larvae have few diagnostic characters and identification relies havily on chaetotaxy.
The larvae of Hoplandria speices are another deal all together though.
Only recently described, the larvae of this genus have extraordinarily elongate appendages, an obliquely attached sensory appendage (of the antennae), and spatulate setae near the apex of their femora.
Another interesting note is that they seem to have extremely reduced pygopods. Pygopods are the terminal pseudo-legs of larval beetles. Analogous to the spongy legs of moth and butterfly caterpillars, the larvae use these fleshy hooked pseudo-legs to push themselves forward, or anchor onto substrates. Hoplandria larvae, on the other hand, walk around with their rear end up in the air, stilting around with their long walking legs.
After reading Thayer et al. 2004, I hadn’t gotten the chance to see these remarkable larvae until a trip to Costa Rica in 2010. Then, I was sifting some forest leaf litter and this particular larva was spotted in my sorting pan. With the characteristic walk, I knew immediately what it was.
It’s not everyday you can field identify an aleocharine larva on the spot. Careful descriptions and behavioral observations are crucial, and can be priceless for identification.